Indonesia Travel Information

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Overview

Indonesia is located in southeast Asia, across the equator, is the world's largest archipelago nation, between the Pacific and the Indian Ocean by the size of 17,508 islands, of which about 6,000 are inhabited. Land area of 1,904,443 square kilometers, an area of 3,166,163 square kilometers of marine (not including EEZ) Su said the Thousand Islands countries. Kalimantan northern border with Malaysia, Papua New Guinea island of New Guinea and connected. The Philippines is facing northeast, southeast of the Indian Ocean, southwest and across Australia. Coastline of 54,716 kilometers. Tropical rainforest climate, the average temperature of 25-27 ℃. Indonesia and Asia is a volcano of the country, there were more than 400 volcanoes, of which more than 100 active volcanoes. Volcanic ash and abundant rainfall maritime climate brings, makes Indonesia one of the world's most fertile land area. Each island nation everywhere mountains, seasons are summer, people call it "Emerald equator."

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Indonesia (Indonesia) A total of 13,677 islands, like a string of pearls scattered in the Coral Sea, the area of 1.9 million square kilometers, straddling the equator, between the two continents in Asia and Australia, on the verge of the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean, was contested. Indonesia is rich in spices, such as cloves, cardamom, sandalwood and so on. Before the 16th century, attracting many Europeans come to treasure hunt, who ruled the area nearly 350 years of Dutch property because of its fertile and rich. [Information] Country: Republic of Indonesia (The Republic of Indonesia) Capital: Jakarta (Jakarta) Language: Indonesian language as much as up to 365 kinds of major traffic Indonesian, second pass language is English. Religion: Most Indonesians are Muslim, a small part of Christian and Catholic, in addition to Hinduism, Buddhism and primitive fetishism and so on. Race: Indonesia is a multi-ethnic country, there are more than 100 ethnic groups, of which the largest ethnic Javanese, 47%, 14% other families, Madurese people accounted for 7%. Geographical environment: Located in southeastern Asia, across the equator. Between the Pacific and the Indian Ocean from 1.7508 10 000 islands, of which about 6,000 are inhabited. Land area of 1,904,443 square kilometers, an area of 3,166,163 square kilometers of marine (not including EEZ) Su said the Thousand Islands countries. Kalimantan northern border with Malaysia, Papua New Guinea island of New Guinea and connected. The Philippines is facing northeast, southeast of the Indian Ocean, southwest and across Australia. The coastline of 54,716 kilometers.

Republic of Indonesia, located in the southeast Asia, North and Malaysia, Brunei connected; northwest across the Strait of Malacca in Malaysia, Singapore and neighbors; the island of New Guinea and Papua New Guinea are connected; northeast across Sulawesi, Gap and Bala 弘克海 Philippines sea; Southeast and Australia relative; Southwest and West facing the Indian Ocean. Indonesia across the equator. Between the Pacific and the Indian Ocean from 1.7508 10 000 islands, of which about 6,000 are inhabited. Land area of 1,904,443 square kilometers. Territorial sea area of about four times the land area, total length of 35,000 kilometers of coastline. Indonesia is the country's largest land area in Southeast Asia, the most populous. Indonesia is the world's largest archipelago island nation, Su said, "Thousand Islands country."

In physical geography, Indonesia can be divided into four units: Greater Sunda Islands, Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku, Irian Kea. Indonesia is located on both sides of the equator, has a tropical climate, year-round hot and humid, and rainy, the average temperature is about more than around 25 ℃, monthly temperature difference is small. Indonesia is very abundant rainfall, hot and rainy climate conducive to plant growth, the country's per capita forest area of nearly one hectare.

Indonesia resources, products are very rich. The main mineral oil, natural gas, coal, tin, bauxite, nickel, copper, gold, and silver. Among them, the export volume of LNG in the world, oil production in the Southeast, tin ore production ranks second in Southeast Asia, the third in the world. Excellent geographical location and climatic conditions, so Indonesia has become the world's acreage after Brazil's second largest producer of tropical crops. Rubber and coconut production ranks second in the world, the demand for palm oil production accounts for 2/5 of the world. Forest area of 145 million hectares, accounting for 74% of the land area. Indonesia's industrial development direction is to strengthen the export-oriented manufacturing sector, the main sector of manufacturing, mining, textile, light industry, processing industry. Including those engaged in forestry and fisheries, including the population, the country accounts for about 55% of the agricultural population of the total population. Indonesia's importance to tourism, tourism industry in Indonesia has become a major foreign exchange. The main tourist spots in Bali, Borobudur, Indonesia miniature park, Yogyakarta Palace, Lake Toba.

History

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3-7 century AD, established a number of decentralized feudal kingdom. The early 13th century to the 14th century, in the establishment of the Indonesian Javanese history's most powerful feudal Majapahit empire. 15th century, Portugal, Spain and the UK have invaded. Dutch invasion in 1596, was established in 1602 with a government authority, "East India Company", by the end of 1799 to set up the colonial government. Japanese occupation of Indonesia in 1942, after Japan surrendered in 1945, the Indonesian revolution broke out in August, August 17 declaration of independence, the establishment of the Republic of Indonesia. After 1947, the Netherlands and Indonesia after several wars and negotiations, in November 1949 signed the Indian charge "Round Table Agreement." According to this agreement, the Federal Republic of Indonesia was established in the same year on December 27, participated in the Netherlands and India Federation. August 1950 by Indonesia Bundestag interim constitution, formally announced the establishment of the Republic of Indonesia.

4th century AD, it has already established several Java island kingdom. 7th century to today as the birthplace of Palembang in Sumatra, the formation of Srivijaya kingdom, business, culture quite prosperous, foreign economic and cultural exchanges have been, and as one of the Buddhist center at the time. 9 to 10th century Indonesian territory extends to the west of the islands and the Malay Peninsula and other places. 13th century to the 14th century, the rise of the Indonesian Javanese history's most powerful Majapahit empire, largely laid today in Indonesia's territory. Beginning of the 16th century, has been the intrusion of Western colonizers. Occupied the Netherlands in 1596, and began a 350 years of Dutch colonial rule. 1942 Japanese invasion. August 17, 1945 declaration of independence. Established in 1950, the Republic of Indonesia unity. 1954 India announced the cancellation charge Federal Relations. 1963 West Irian to regain the occupied Netherlands.

Population

217 million (Year 2004), the world's fourth most populous country. There are more than 100 ethnic groups, including Javanese people, 45%, 14% Sundanese people, Madurese people 7.5%, 7.5% Malay, 26% other. The official language is Indonesian. National languages and dialects of about 300 species. About 87% of the population are Muslim, is the world's largest Muslim population in the country, 6.1 percent of the population Protestant, 3.6% Catholic, the rest of Hindu, Buddhist and primitive fetishism and so on.

Weather

Indonesia across the equator, is a typical tropical countries, high temperatures, rainfall, climate, vary from region to region vary greatly, the annual average temperature 20-30 degrees. Umbrella is the essential thing.

Indonesia and Asia is a volcano of the country, there were more than 400 volcanoes, of which more than 100 active volcanoes. Volcanic ash and abundant rainfall maritime climate brings, makes Indonesia one of the world's most fertile land area. Each island nation everywhere mountains, seasons are summer, people call it "Emerald equator."